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 Basic TDS Tester
 TDS Meter 3
 TDS Meter 4
 TDS Meter 4TM
 EC/TDS Combo Meter
 Waterproof pH Meter
 Waterproof ORP Meter
 TDS-EZ Water Quality
 AP-1: AquaPro (TDS)
 AP-2: AquaPro (EC)
 Conductivity Tester
 Water Quality Tester
 Dual TDS Monitor
 Dual TDS Monitor 2
 Clean Tap Monitor
 Purity Monitor
 External Purity Monitor
 FM-1: Filter Monitor
 FM-2: Filter Monitor
 PSC-150:TDS Controller
 QC-1:TDS Monitor
 In-Line Single Monitor
 Panel Mount Controller
 Dual TDS Controller
 Dual Display Controller
 Conductivity Controller
Injection Controller
TDS/EC Controller
 Precipitator 1
 Precipitator 2
 Calibration Solutions
What is TDS?
  • Please see the What is TDS? page.

    How do I care for my TDS meter?

  • Please see the Calibration and Maintenance page.

    Why do I experience different readings in the same water with the same meter?

  • Reasons for varied readings include:
    1. Ions: The nature of charged positive ions (which is what the TDS meters are measuring) is that they are always moving. Therefore, there may always be variances in the conductivity, and thus a different reading.
    2. Temperature: Even with ATC, temperature changes by a tenth of a degree may increase or decrease the conductivity. Additionally, the temperature coefficient (what the reading is multiplied by to adjust for temperature differences) changes slightly depending upon the range of ppm. Our meters and virtually every meter under $500 has a single temperature coefficient, regardless of the range. (The new COM-100 offers three temperature coefficient options, but each is linear once selected.)
    3. Air bubbles: Even a tiny air bubble that has adhered to one of the probes could potentially affect the conductivity, and thus the reading.
    4. Lingering electrical charges: Electrical charges off fingers, static eletricity off clothes, etc. on the meter and lingering electrical charges in the water will affect the conductivity of the water.
    5. Beaker/cup material: Plastic cups retain lingering electrical charges more than glass. If the meter touches the side of the glass or plastic, it could pick up a slight charge. If the plastic is retaining a charge, it could also affect the water.
    6. Volume changes: The amout of water in the sample may affect the conductivity. Different volumes of the same water may have different levels of conductivity. Displacement may affect the conductivity as well.
    7. Probe positioning: The depth and position of the probe in the water sample may also affect the conductivity. For example, if a meter is dipped into the water, removed and then dipped into the water again, but in a different spot, the reading may change.


    How can I get the best possible readings?
    1. SHAKE: Always make sure to shake excess water off the meter before dipping it into a water sample, even if it's the same water.
    2. STIR/TAP: After dipping the meter in the water, always lightly tap it against the side and stir the meter to remove any lingering air bubbles or electrical charges.
    3. POSITIONING: When taking the reading, always make sure to hold the meter straight up without it touching the sides or bottom of the glass/beaker/cup. The probes should be suspended as close to the center of the water sample as possible.
    4. TIME: The longer the meter is in the water, the more accurate the reading will be.
    5. TEMPERATURE: 25 degrees Celsius is the ideal temperature for conductivity readings, even if the meter has ATC.
    6. RINSE: If switching between very low and very high ppm water, always rinse the probes with distilled water to avoid any build-up.


    Are TDS meters really conductivity meters?

  • Yes. While EC and TDS are often used synonymously, there are some important differences to note. EC, when applied to water, refers to the electrical charge of a given water sample. TDS refers to the total amount of substances in the water other than the pure H2O. The only true way of measuring TDS is to evaporate the water and weigh what’s left. Since this is near impossible to do for the average person, is it possible to estimate the TDS level by measuring the EC of the water. Every digital TDS meter in the world is actually an EC meter.

    All elements have some electrical charge. Therefore, it is possible to closely estimate the quantity of TDS by determining the EC of the water. However, since different elements have different charges, it is necessary to convert the EC to TDS using a scale that mimics the charge of that water type. The following are the most common water samples, and for the COM-100, each has its own conversion factor:

    KCl: Potassium Chloride is the international standard to calibrate instruments that measure conductivity. The COM-100 is factory calibrated with a 1413 microsiemens solution is the default mode is EC-KCl.
    442TM: Developed by the Myron L Company, 442TM simulates the properties of natural water (rivers, lakes, wells, drinking water, etc.) with a combination of 40% Sodium Bicarbonate, 40% Sodium Sulfate and 20% Chloride.
    NaCl: Sodium Chloride is used in water where the predominate ions are NaCl, or whose properties are similar to NaCl, such as seawater and brackish water.

    Measurements in EC (S) do not have a conversion factor, but do require the correct setting for the proper temperature coefficient.

    Other TDSMETER.CO.UK products use the NaCl conversion factor.

    Is pinpoint accuracy always necessary when testing for TDS or conductivity?

  • Usually not. TDS is primarily about range. For the majority of industries that require TDS testing, such as drinking water, aquaculture, hydroponics, etc. it is more important for your TDS levels to be within a certain range. There are a few industries that do require a precise ppm level, but that level is almost always zero. With the exception of colloidal silver, there is never a time in which someone needs an absolute precise level of TDS in their water.

    Don’t you need the minerals in your drinking water?

    Inorganic Minerals

  • It is believed that mineral waters help furnish elements for body metabolism. However, there is scientific proof to suggest that most of these minerals are in an inorganic (dead) form. While they may enter the circulation, they cannot be used in the physiological process of building the human cell.
  • With this in mind, we can see that mineral water may give "dead" or "inorganic" minerals to the body which cannot be properly assimilated.
  • These inorganic minerals only interfere with the delicate and complex biology of the body. 4
  • The body's need for minerals is largely met through foods, NOT DRINKING WATER." -The American Medical Journal
  • Fact: The organic minerals in tap water represent only 1% of the total mineral content of the water.
  • One glass of orange juice contains more beneficial minerals than thirty gallons of untreated tap water.

    Organic, or Bioavailable Minerals

  • Only after they have passed through the roots of plants do these inorganic minerals become organic (through photosynthesis) and capable of being assimilated into our tissues as ORGANIC Minerals.
  • Pure water removes the inorganic mineral deposits in your body. Organic minerals are fully absorbed and remain in your tissues.
  • According to many nutritionists minerals are much easier to assimilate when they come from foods. Can you imagine going out to your garden for a cup of dirt to eat rather than a nice carrot; or drinking a whole bathtub of water for LESS calcium than that in an 8 ounce glass of milk?







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